A deepbite occurs when the top front teeth overlap the lower front teeth excessively. A deepbite could be a result of improper jaw development from childhood to adulthood. Some patients experience painful lesions when the lower front teeth cut into the sensitive upper gum line behind the upper front teeth. There are many options for correcting deepbite. Your dentist will do an assessment that may help determine the best course of action. For children with growing jaws, the best option may be to get braces. For adults, it could be an appliance. Depending on the severity you could be referred to an orthodontic specialist.
2. FRONT OPENBITE.
A front openbite occurs when there is an opening between the front top and bottom teeth. This issue commonly arises due to thumb sicking while a child’s jaw is still developing. For adults, it could be a problem with jaw growth. For some patients, if the issue isn’t corrected they may develop problems with speech and swallowing. Your dentist may recommend an appliance to correct the jaw and children may be given a thumb brace to curb the thumb sucking habit.
A crossbite occurs when one or more of your upper and lower teeth don’t line up. This could occur because the jaw didn’t line up during childhood. For some patients, crossbite may lead to the wearing down of the tooth enamel. Your dentist may assess the joints in your jaw and depending on your age an appliance may be recommended to expand or contract it. For older patients, braces might be used if the issue has gone too far.
An underbite occurs when the upper front teeth are behind the bottom front teeth because the lower jaw grows faster than the upper jaw. This usually starts during childhood development and can be linked to genetics. For some patients, an underbite can cause unwanted stress on the jaw joints. A dentist will usually recommend braces and on rare occasions jaw surgery.
Overjet occurs when the top teeth stick out because of thumb sucking or tongue trusting. Tongue thrusting is a habit that develops when the strong tongue muscle constantly pushes against the front teeth causing them to protrude. The protruding front teeth can make it difficult for some patients to close their mouths. This is one of the more difficult problems to correct because the rate of tongue thrusting relapse is high. Your dentist will recommend trying to curb the habits that are causing the overjet while you undergo treatment.
Gaps occur when there are spaces between the teeth. Gaps could be genetic or can it can be caused by missing teeth. For some patients, gaps could result in more food being stuck between the teeth resulting in more cavities. A dentist may recommend gum surgery then braces or clear aligners which work well for dispositioned teeth.
7. CROWDED OR OVERLAPPED TEETH.